Fault, Strict Liabiliity
According to judicial opinions, the Restatement (Second) of Contracts, and some analysts, the reasons for failing to perform a contract, whether willful, negligent, or unavoidable, have little or no bearing in determining contract liability. Contract liability is said to be “strict,” meaning that the reasons for nonperformance are irrelevant in determining the injured party’s rights. In this Article, I argue that the reasons for failing to perform, which focus on whether non-performance is the promisor’s fault, are crucially important in the resolution of many, perhaps most disputes under contract law.
Hillman, Robert A., "The Future of Fault in Contract Law" (2014). Cornell Law Faculty Publications. Paper 1454.
Robert A. Hillman, "The Future of Fault in Contract Law," 52 Duquesne Law Review (2014)