Document Type


Publication Date



GATT, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Unfair trade remedies, Dumping, Antidumping, J. Viner, Antidumping Act of 1921, Gatt Article VI, Subsidies and Countervailing Duty Code of 1979, US-Canada Free Trade Agreement


Antitrust and Trade Regulation | International Law | International Trade Law


This paper presents an analytical history of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy law in GATT and its member countries. In recent years this body of ‘unfair trade remedy’ law has flourished in the western trading system. Important trading countries have adopted new or expanded anti-dumping and anti-subsidy laws and imposed trade-blocking remedies under them more frequently than ever before. I try to explain in this essay how and why these laws--which I view as protectionist--have prospered and become so rooted in GATT and its member countries.

Publication Citation

Published in: The World Economy, vol. 14, no. 3 (September 1991).