Document Type



Presented at the 5th Inter-University Graduate Student Conference at Cornell Law School, March 2009.


The task of defining the most effective state and religion relationship has been a daunting one. Courts and jurists in different parts of the world have been engaged in this chore for centuries. This paper aims to investigate the state-religion relationship conundrum and the shift from secularism to pluralism and examine modification of pluralism through comprehensive adoption of John Rawls’s justice as fairness theory. The focus of this paper will be placed on the state-religion relationship in the United States and Indonesia whilst also observing the practice in other countries.

Date of Authorship for this Version

April 2009


Church and state, Secularism, Pluralism, Indonesia

Included in

Religion Commons