This article investigated determinants of active ageing proposed by the WHO 2002 Active Ageing Framework using data from a developing country -‐ Zambia. Up to date, there is little or no evidence of studies conducted to answer whether or not determinants proposed by the Active Ageing Framework of 2002 apply to developing countries like Zambia. This article set out to (1) explore which of the determinants of active ageing apply to Africa and Zambia in particular and (2) the influence of HIV/AIDS on active ageing in general. A non-‐experimental cross-‐sectional research design was used to collect data for this article. Snowball and purposive sampling was employed since there is no available sampling frame for the aged population. The article reveals that income accessibility (Economic Determinant), functional limitations (Health Determinants), low self-‐esteem and loneliness (Personal/Behavioural Determinants), low family and peer interactions (Social Determinants) and HIV/AIDS determine active ageing in Zambia. The article suggests focused research needed to clarify and specify the role of each determinant, as well as the interactions between determinants in the active ageing process. In fact, the framework proposes that for such studies, a life course approach is required so as to take advantage of transitions and ‘window of opportunity’ for enhancing health, participation and security at different stages. The article also recommends that policies on ageing should be structured to incorporate main determinants of active ageing to reflect the Zambian context.
Mapoma, Christopher C. and Banda, Andrew
"Determinants of Active Ageing in Zambia,"
Zambia Social Science Journal: Vol. 4
, Article 4.
Available at: http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/zssj/vol4/iss2/4