Document Type



Presented at Cornell University on March 12, 2008 as part of the Clarke Program in East Asian Law and Culture Colloquium Series and the Berger International Legal Studies Program.


Women human rights defenders need to work closely with feminist human rights defenders; both groups must empower each other and promote gender-sensitization of other members of the rights movements against militarization.

Despite the fact that women’s human rights defenders in the women’s movements have brought about some positive legal changes for women’s human rights, there are political, economic and social patriarchal contexts, especially through militarization, that obstruct ideal legislation and enforcement to cover all areas which have been identified in international instruments, especially the Convention on the Elimination of All Discrimination against Women and the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women.

Evidently, there are diverse strategies and approaches that feminists have been taken up in fighting for their inherent human rights, yet the goal is common: eliminating all gender inequalities while defending women’s human rights.

Date of Authorship for this Version

March 2008


Militarization, Counter-terrorism, Thailand, Feminism