Cornell International Law Journal

Article Title

The ICSID Under Siege


Leon E. Trakman


Ideology, Commercial arbitration, Analysis, Prejudices, Political aspects


Rights-based processes, including binding arbitration and traditional court trials, have limited remedies and may not address the full range of interests and needs that the parties may have. Disputes resolved on the basis of power (e.g. through gunboat diplomacy, or at the extreme, violence and war) weight the outcome in favour of the party with the most leverage, status and resources, but this may be costly on the relationships involved and may result in failure to vindicate rights.(1)

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